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What are Sleep Disorders?

Sleep disorders encompass a variety of conditions that regularly impact an individual’s ability to get a good night's sleep. These disorders can significantly affect one's health and daily activities, leading to problems such as daytime sleepiness, mood disturbances, and impaired cognitive function.

Common types of sleep disorders include:

1. Insomnia: Difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep. It's the most prevalent sleep disorder and can lead to daytime fatigue and other health issues.

2. Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA): Characterized by pauses in breathing during sleep due to airway obstruction, which often results in disrupted sleep.

3. Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS): A neurological disorder that causes an irresistible urge to move the legs, usually due to uncomfortable sensations.

4. Narcolepsy: A chronic sleep disorder marked by overwhelming daytime drowsiness and sudden attacks of sleep.

The causes of sleep disorders may involve a range of factors including biological, behavioral, and environmental components. For example, genetics may play a role in conditions like narcolepsy, whereas habits and lifestyle choices often influence insomnia.

Effective treatment for sleep disorders varies depending on the specific disorder but may include medications, lifestyle changes, or specific therapies like cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia or continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy for sleep apnea.

Frequently Asked Questions


What types of services do you provide?

We provide two main services: psychopharmacology evaluations and medication management. First, you’ll meet with a provider for an evaluation to determine your treatment plan, which may include medication, therapy, lifestyle changes, or other recommendations. Second, if medication is appropriate, our providers will help you manage and adjust your medication to make sure it works effectively.

What is the difference between therapy and medication management?

Therapy, sometimes called “talk therapy,” involves talking with a mental health professional to address mental health issues through dialogue and behavioral strategies. Medication management, on the other hand, is a medical approach where a mental health professional prescribes, monitors, and adjusts psychiatric medication to treat mental health conditions to address your physiological symptoms. Often, a combination of talk therapy and medication management is beneficial.

Does this replace my need for a therapist?

Our providers are here to address your concerns and offer support, but it’s important to note that they are not meant to replace a licensed therapist. Evidence suggests that for many mental health conditions, a combination of medication and psychotherapy is the most effective approach.

How does online psychiatry work?

Virtual psychiatry works just like in-person psychiatry, except instead of sitting in a doctor’s office, you’ll talk to your provider during live video appointments.

What should I expect during a mental health assessment or evaluation?

You’ll connect 1:1 with your new provider to discuss your needs. If appropriate, they’ll prescribe medication and send it to your pharmacy of choice. Regular check-ins will help you track how you’re feeling and any side effects, and your provider will make any needed adjustments.

How do I prepare for my first appointment? How long are typical appointments?

Before your scheduled appointment, you’ll receive new patient forms, which you’ll need to complete in advance. We will also ask for your insurance information, a valid form of identification, a list of any of your current medications, and any relevant medical records or previous psychiatric evaluations.

Typical appointment times vary depending on the nature of your visit and your treatment plan. Initial consultations usually last around 60 minutes, during which you'll have an in-depth discussion with your provider. Follow-up appointments are typically shorter, ranging from 15 to 30 minutes, but this may be adjusted based on your specific needs and progress.

What should I do in case of an emergency or crisis?

If you’re having a medical or mental health emergency, call 911.

Call or text 833-773-2445 for 24/7 Crisis and Mental Health Support from the Massachusetts Behavioral Health Help Line.

How do I schedule an appointment?

To schedule an appointment, please fill out our Appointment Request Form. Someone from the Monomoy Health team will contact you for more information and to help schedule your first appointment. We look forward to working with you!

Do you offer virtual/online appointments?

Yes, we offer virtual appointments. That means you can meet with your provider from the comfort of your home. We recommend choosing a well-lit and quiet space for your meeting.

Are my appointments and information confidential?

Yes. We adhere to the highest standards of privacy and confidentiality to ensure that your personal and medical information is safe, and privacy is a top priority in our practice. For more information, please download our HIPAA policy.